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Our Office Locations
Garden Grove

12777 Valley View St. #282
Garden Grove, CA 92845
Phone: (714) 898-8757

Diamond Bar

620 N Diamond Bar Blvd
Diamond Bar, CA 91765
Phone: (909) 861-3043

What Is Periodontal Disease?




The word 'periodontal' literally means 'around the tooth.'


Periodontal diseases, more commonly known as gum disease, are a family of serious bacterial infections that destroy the attachment fibers and supporting bone that hold your teeth in your mouth. Left untreated, these diseases can eventually lead to tooth loss.


Periodontal diseases are the most common infections of the mankind. Unfortunately, more than 70% of American adults have at least one form of periodontal diasease, and unaware of this. More than 50% of all teeth lost in the US are due to periodontal disease.


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RISK? check for yourself


Periodontal Disease is characterized by many unpleasant side effects: With periodontal disease your gums will show:


  - swelling

  - redness

  - spontaneous bleeding

  - bleeding on eating or tooth-brushing,

  - bad breath

  - tooth sensitivity


In its early stages, gum disease is called gingivitis. During these early stages, gum disease is more easily treatable than when it has gone unattended for a period of time.

Gum Disease (Periodontal Disease)

A patient see by Dr. Kim in 2003. She has uncontrolled periodontal diasese displaying bleeding, sweling, redness, bad breath, and accompanied by movement and looseness of teeth.


Click here for Classification and Types of Periodontal Diseases


Periodontal disseas is characterized by progressive, destruction of bone and gum tissue around otherwise healthy teeth. It is the plaque and calculus formed by bacterial plaque that is the primary cause for periodontal disease.

find out more about bacteria living in mour mouth




Over 500 types of bacteria live in your mouth. If you have healthy gums, your saliva removes most of these germs on an on-going basis. However, if you have unhealthy gums, there is evidence to suggest that gum disease is associated with heart disease, diabetes and may increase respiratory complications in certain groups of people. Additionally, pregnant women are more likely to have a pre-term baby. In periodontal disease, the bacteria build between the teeth and gums. When these bacterial colonies multiply, any tear in the gum tissue allows bacteria into the blood stream. According to a current study, 70% of fatty deposits in the carotid arteries of stroke sufferers contain bacteria. Forty percent of these bacteria come from the mouth.


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Heart Disease.
Evidence suggests that people with periodontal disease may be more at risk for heart disease. In addition, they have nearly twice the risk of having a fatal heart attack than people without periodontal disease. In unhealthy gums, the bacteria become mixed up with the blood-clotting cells and form a clump that travels through the blood vessel. The vessel walls are irritated by the clumps of cells and bacteria. This irritation may stimulate the formation of heart-stopping blood clots.


It has been known for years that people with diabetes are more likely to have periodontal disease. But what recent research shows is that periodontal disease may make it even more difficult for people with diabetes to control their blood sugar. One study showed a reduction in the need for insulin in seven of nine diabetic patients being treated for periodontal disease.


Premature Births.
Pregnant women with gum disease are seven to eight times more likely to give birth prematurely and to have low birth weight babies. It is believed that periodontal disease causes damaged cells to release inflammation causing substances associated with pre-mature birth.


Respiratory Problems.
Evidence suggest that the incidence of nosocomical pneumonia in institionalized subjects, including those of intensive care units and nursing homes, may be reduced by improving oral hygiene, which can be achieved by both mechanical or chemical approaches.


Bacteria in plaque have also been linked to:

 -  Inflammation of the lining of the blood vessels that is known to lead to constriction in the arteries.

 -  Infective endocarditis, a potentially fatal disease in which the inner lining of the heart becomes inflamed.
? Lung Infection in people with chronic lung disease.

 -  A weakened immune system that can slow wound healing and diminish a person’s response to hepatitis B and flu vaccines.

 -  A higher risk of delivering premature, low birth weight infants.

 - Tooth loss.

Evidence is mounting relating gum disease to a variety of health concerns, some that are life threatening. By keeping regular appointments with your dental team, you help increase your chances for a long and happy life.


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The best way to prevent gum disease is effective daily brushing and flossing as well as regular professional examinations and cleanings. Unfortunately, even with the most diligent home dental care, people still can develop some form of periodontal disease. Once this disease starts, professional intervention is necessary to prevent its progress.


Other Important Factors Affecting the Health of Your Gums


   - Smoking

   - Stress

   - Clenching and grinding teeth

   - Medication

   - Poor nutrition

   - Poor dental work and maintenence

   - Pregnancy

   - Puberty















Teeth belong in your mouth, for a lifetime. Don't let this happen to you...


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1. Click Here for brochure on Gum Disease produced by the National Institute of Dntal and Craniofacial Research

2. Click Here for Consumer Magazine  produced by the US Food & Drug Administration

3. Click here for Link to UCLA Periodontics Information Center (UCLA PIC) website

4. Click Here for Link to American Academy of Periodontology website


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Dr. Jin Y. Kim is an active member of AAP, and is Board-Certified by American Board of Periodontology

Dr. Jin Y. Kim is a faculty member (Lecturer, Section of Periodontics) and a contributor to the UCLA PIC website



Call Dr. Kim's practices at:

714-898-9857  Garden Grove, Huntington Beach, Cypress, Anaheim, Buena Park

909-861-3043  Diamond Bar, Chino, Roland Heights, Yorba Linda, Walnut areas

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